Largest sovereign wealth funds worldwide 2022 | Statista (2024)

The world’s largest sovereign wealth fund (SWF) as of December 2022 was China Investment Corporation (CIC), managing assets reaching around 1.35 trillion U.S. dollars. The CIC is used to manage a portion of China's foreign currency reserves and established in 2007.

What are sovereign wealth funds?

Sovereign wealth funds are state-owned and are comprised of a wide array of financial assets including stocks, bonds, real estate, precious metals, and other financial instruments. In the main, sovereign wealth funds are funded by foreign-exchange reserves, assets which are held by monetary authorities or central banks in the form of U.S. dollars and other leading world currencies as a way of backing liabilities.

Who holds the SWF?

A state’s central bank will generally hold the sovereign wealth fund; in the process of its management of a nations funds or banking system funds will be accumulated. These types of state fund are of major economic and fiscal importance, and may be implemented for different objectives: protect the economy against sudden shocks, hedge against the problem of an aging population, or to foster socio-economic development.

Largest sovereign wealth funds worldwide 2022 | Statista (2024)


Largest sovereign wealth funds worldwide 2022 | Statista? ›

The world's largest sovereign wealth fund

sovereign wealth fund
A sovereign wealth fund (SWF), sovereign investment fund, or social wealth fund is a state-owned investment fund that invests in real and financial assets such as stocks, bonds, real estate, precious metals, or in alternative investments such as private equity fund or hedge funds. › wiki › Sovereign_wealth_fund
(SWF) as of December 2022 was China Investment Corporation (CIC), managing assets reaching around 1.35 trillion U.S. dollars. The CIC is used to manage a portion of China's foreign currency reserves and established in 2007.

Which country has the largest sovereign wealth fund? ›

Rankings by Total Assets
RankProfileTotal Assets
1.Norway Government Pension Fund Global$1,648,082,769,953
2.China Investment Corporation$1,350,000,000,000
3.SAFE Investment Company$1,090,000,000,000
4.Abu Dhabi Investment Authority$993,000,000,000
93 more rows

What is the most active sovereign wealth fund? ›

The most active sovereign investors last year – in terms of new investments – were two Singapore funds: Temasek and GIC. Middle Eastern funds Mubadala Investment Company, Abu Dhabi Investment Authority, Qatar Investment Authority and Public Investment Fund also topped the list.

What country has a trillion dollar sovereign wealth fund? ›

OSLO, Jan 30 (Reuters) - Norway's $1.6 trillion sovereign wealth fund, the world's largest, reported on Tuesday a record profit of 2.22 trillion crowns ($213 billion) in 2023, driven by strong returns on its investments in technology stocks.

Does the US have any sovereign wealth funds? ›

Some countries may have more than one SWF. Also, while the United States does not have a federal sovereign wealth fund, several of its states have their own SWFs. The list does not include pension funds that do not meet the SWF criteria.

What is the biggest pension fund in the world? ›

The Government Pension Investment Fund of Japan (GPIF) remains the largest pension fund, and tops the table with assets of 1.4 trillion dollars. It has held the top spot since 2002. Meanwhile, the Employees' Provident Fund of India joins as the only new participant among the top 20 funds of 2022.

What is the fastest growing sovereign wealth fund? ›

Saudi Arabia's Public Investment Fund (PIF) Governor Yassir al-Rumayyan said on Tuesday that the fund is one of the largest sovereign wealth funds in the world and is the fastest growing, developing and acquiring among them.

Who owns BlackRock? ›

BlackRock is publicly owned, with its shares held by various shareholders, including institutional investors like Vanguard Group and State Street Corporation and individual shareholders.

Who owns the Turkey Wealth Fund? ›

The Turkey Wealth Fund (TWF; Turkish: Türkiye Varlık Fonu, TVF) is a $33 billion sovereign wealth fund founded in August 2016 owned by Government of Turkey.

What is the world's biggest sovereign wealth fund to ditch fossil fuels? ›

The world's largest sovereign wealth fund, which manages $1tn (£786bn) of Norway's assets, has been given the go ahead for the largest fossil fuel divestment to date by dropping more than $13bn of investments.

Does China have a sovereign wealth fund? ›

China is home to one of the world's largest sovereign funds, China Investment Corporation. CIC's total assets under management reached about $1.24 trillion at the end of 2022, bigger than Saudi Arabia's 2022 GDP (about $1.1 trillion). Saudi Arabia was the 17th largest economy in the world in 2022.

Why doesn t britain have a sovereign wealth fund? ›

Britain did not opt for such a scheme when its North Sea oil boom began in the 1970s. Instead, successive governments used the proceeds from oil and gas fields to keep public borrowing down rather than to build a fighting fund to tackle long-term problems such as our ageing population.

Who runs the sovereign wealth fund? ›

A sovereign wealth fund is owned by the general government, which includes both central government and sub-national governments.

Why doesn t america have a sovereign wealth fund? ›

The USA is quite unique in the world. And in a very real way, it is not a Sovereign Entity, except in matters of Treaty and Defense. So, that's why. The Federal government hold no wealth beyond the Federal Reserve.

Do sovereign wealth funds pay taxes? ›

SWFs generally enjoy favorable tax treatment in the U.S., but this treatment is subject to specific limitations; SWFs typically require separate LPA provisions or side-letter protection to ensure that their favorable tax treatment is not thwarted by the activities of the funds in which they invest. US Tax Exemption.

What are the four types of sovereign wealth funds? ›

The various types of sovereign wealth funds include stabilization funds, savings or future generation funds, pension reserve funds, reserve investment funds, and strategic development sovereign wealth funds. Each fund has its own unique focus and financial objectives.

How big is Russia's sovereign wealth fund? ›

$130.8 bn

How big is Saudi Arabia sovereign wealth fund? ›

PIF, which manages more than $700 billion, allocates more than 70% of its investments in Saudi Arabia. It's targeting an allocation of 20% to 25% for international investments, with the absolute number increasing over time, Al-Rumayyan said during the event.


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